SB 1 Programs At-A-Glance
California’s transportation programs must be innovative to meet the needs of its users, whose backgrounds, priorities and travel modes are diverse. Senate Bill 1 has responded to the challenge, helping boost everything from core-level funding baselines to specialized programs like transit, rail, active transportation and grants, among others.
Please see below to learn more about pecific programs both created and augmented by SB 1.
State transportation infrastructure will receive roughly half of new SB 1 funding: $26 billion.
98% of pavement (on the State Highway System) in good or fair condition by 2027
$250 million annually for congestion solutions
Over $700 million for better transit commutes
Freight Improvements to support the $740 billion industry
State Highway System Funds
SB 1 funding will be used to tackle deferred maintenance needs on the state highway system, including:
State Highway Improvements: $15 Billion
State Highway Improvements include repairing and resurfacing hundreds of miles of highways to extend the service life of California roads. Caltrans will also improve lane-line visibility and motorist safety with new striping across the state.
Fix/Replace Bridges, Culverts, Drainage: $4 Billion
Funding to fix and replace deficient bridge and repair culverts and drainage systems.
SB 1 funds will also be used to restore the State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), whose funds can be used to build new roads and increase capacity on California's roads and highways. Before SB 1, the CTC needed to cut and delay $1.5 billion in STIP projects due to lack funding. These projects, which include new capacity projects, are now eligible to move forward.
For more information, visit the CTC's State Transportation Improvement Program page.
The purpose of the Trade Corridor Enhancement Program is to provide funding for infrastructure improvements on federally designated Trade Corridors of National and Regional Significance, on California's portion of the National Highway Freight Network, as identified in California Freight Mobility Plan, and along other corridors that have a high volume of freight movement. The Trade Corridor Enhancement Program also supports the goals of the National Highway Freight Program, the California Freight Mobility Plan, and the guiding principles in the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan.
This statewide, competitive program will provide approximately $300 million per year in state funding and approximately $515 million in National Highway Freight Program funds, if the federal program continues under the next federal transportation act.
Moving Freight Effectively
SB 1 created a target to fix 500 bridges in the next decade. Caltrans has prioritized funding for 30 highway spans that don't meet height or weight standards. These bridges—18 in Southern California and 12 in the Bay Area—are along freight-critical junctures on Interstate 80 and Interstate 5, and connect California's ports to highways, moving goods across the country.
Because these older bridges don't meet current height or weight standards, trucks carrying larger or heavier loads are forced to make lengthy detours around them. This results in lost revenues, higher costs, increased emissions, traffic impacts and damage to infrastructure not constructed to interstate pavement standards.
500 Bridges in the Next Decade
These bridges include:
- I-5 spans in the Los Angeles area, where initial estimates call for investing $130 million to bring 10 bridges up to modern standards by either lowering the roadways or outright replacement to create more vertical space, or fortifying the structures.
- I-5 spans near the Grapevine in Kern County. More vertical clearance is required where the interstate separates from State Route 99, while another span near the California Aqueduct needs widening and a new surface.
- In Northern California, six of the major projects will be clustered on I-80 near the port of Oakland, which is the fourth busiest port in the nation. An estimated $22 million is needed to improve vertical clearance at the MacArthur Maze interchange where I-80, I-580 and I-880 meet.
- Two bridges on I-5 in the Lathrop area that see heavy truck traffic also are on the project list. Structure strengthening is proposed on both to accommodate heavier loads, at a cost of almost $4 million.
California's Freight System by the Numbers
12 Airports with major cargo operations
12 Deep-water seaports
3 International commercial land ports of entry
5,300 miles of freight railroad track
Why the Focus on Trade and Freight?
- Freight movement generates about a third of California's $2.2 trillion economy.
- $740 billion: Portion of California's GDP from freight-dependent industries
- More than 5 million: California jobs in freight-dependent industry
(Source: State of California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division)
- California is the nation's largest gateway for international trade and domestic commerce
- Between 2015 and 2045, the Federal Highway Administration predicts that California freight tons will increase by 59 percent and freight value by 133 percent, with trucking being the dominant share of that load
California's freeways and major thoroughfares are among the most congested in the nation. With 50 million people expected to live in California by 2055, we need to be innovative in how drivers move across the state. According to TRIP, a national transportation research group, traffic congestion costs California residents a total of $28 billion each year in the form of lost time and wasted fuel.
SB 1 created the Solutions for Congested Corridors Program (SCCP), providing $250 million annually to multimodal corridor plans that make performance improvements along the state's busiest highways. SB 1 also provides funding for additional programs that help address congestion through their investments.
Congestion costs the average California driver $887-1711 a year in lost time and wasted fuel
$250 million annually for solutions for congested corridors
$200 million for community solutions to ease congestions on both state and local roads
90% of congestion relieving traffic management systems will be in good working order by 2027
The purpose of the Solutions for Congested Corridors Program is to provide funding to achieve a balanced set of transportation, environmental, and community access improvements to reduce congestion throughout the state.
This statewide, competitive program makes $250 million available annually for projects that implement specific transportation performance improvements and are part of a comprehensive corridor plan by providing more transportation choices while preserving the character of local communities and creating opportunities for neighborhood enhancement.
Regional transportation planning agencies, county transportation commissions and Caltrans are eligible to apply for program funds through the nomination of projects. All projects nominated must be identified in a currently adopted regional transportation plan and an existing comprehensive corridor plan.
SB 1 created the Local Partnership Program and continuously appropriates $200 million annually from the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Account to local and regional transportation agencies that have sought and received voter approval of taxes or that have imposed fees, which taxes or fees are dedicated solely for transportation improvements.
The primary objective of this program is to provide funding for these entities who have previously approved fees/taxes dedicated solely to transportation improvements (as defined by Government Code Section 8879.67(b)).
The program funds are distributed through a 40% statewide competitive component and a 60% formulaic component.
The program provides funding to local and regional agencies to improve:
- Aging infrastructure
- Road conditions
- Active Transportation
- Transit and rail
- Health and safety benefits
The transportation bill funds an additional $1 billion for the Active Transportation Program (ATP) over the next ten years —that’s an additional $100 million per year for cities, counties and regional transportation agencies to build more bike paths, cross-walks and sidewalks.
At least one-quarter of ATP funds are designated to disadvantaged communities.
Why Invest in Active Transportation?
It’s imperative to have sustainable, multimodal transportation choices that include more than just roads. The Active Transportation Program provides options for other methods of transportation that will enhance public health and improve air quality by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- Redirecting traffic off the roadways reduces air pollution, curtails traffic congestion, and improves safety
- Bicycle and pedestrian projects expand healthy travel choices, while meeting air-quality goals, promoting a low-carbon economy, and meeting environmental standards
- Bicycle and pedestrian projects will lead to improved connections between local and regional roads, public transit, and intercity and passenger rail
- Designing safe streets that provide room for bicycling and walking helps children and adults get physical activity
On September 26, 2013, Governor Brown signed legislation creating the Active Transportation Program (ATP) in the Department of Transportation (SB 99, Chapter 359 and Assembly Bill 101, Chapter 354). The ATP consolidates existing federal and state transportation programs, including the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP), Bicycle Transportation Account (BTA), and State Safe Routes to School (SRTS), into a single program with a focus to make California a national leader in active transportation. The ATP is administered by the Division of Local Assistance, Office of State Programs.
The ATP program was established in 2013 and SB 1 augmented the funding to this existing program by adding $100 million annually.
The purpose of ATP is to encourage increased use of active modes of transportation by achieving the following goals:
- Increase the proportion of trips accomplished by biking and walking
- Increase safety and mobility for non-motorized users
- Advance the active transportation efforts of regional agencies to achieve Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reduction goals, pursuant to SB 375 (of 2008) and SB 341 (of 2009)
- Enhance public health
- Ensure that disadvantaged communities fully share in the benefits of the program
- Provide a broad spectrum of projects to benefit many types of active transportation users
The Transit and Intercity Rail Capital Program (TIRCP) was created by Senate Bill (SB) 862 (Chapter 36, Statutes of 2014) and modified by SB 9 (Chapter 710, Statutes of 2015), to provide grants from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (GGRF) to fund transformative capital improvements that will modernize California’s intercity, commuter, and urban rail systems, and bus and ferry transit systems, to significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, vehicle miles traveled, and congestion. There have been three prior cycles of TIRCP funding, in which the California State Transportation Agency (CalSTA) has awarded $5.3 billion in funding to 56 projects throughout the state. The legislation of these bills is established in Sections 75220 through 75225 of the Public Resources Code (PRC). Assembly Bill 398 (Chapter 135) extended the Cap and Trade Program that supports the TIRCP from 2020 through 2030. SB 1 (Chapter 5) continues to provide a historic funding increase for transportation with funds directed to the TIRCP from the Public Transportation Account for new programming.
The TIRCP was created to fund transformative capital improvements that modernize California’s intercity rail, bus (including feeder buses to intercity rail services, as well as vanpool services that are eligible to report as public transit to the Federal Transit Administration), ferry, and rail transit systems (collectively referred to as transit services or systems inclusive of all aforementioned modes unless otherwise specified) to achieve all of the following policy objectives, as established in Section 75220(a) of the PRC:
- Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases
- Expand and improve transit service to increase ridership
- Integrate the rail service of the state’s various rail operations, including integration with the high‐speed rail system
- Improve transit safety
Additionally, Section 75221(c) of the PRC establishes a programmatic goal to provide at least 25 percent of available funding to projects that provide a direct, meaningful, and assured benefit to disadvantaged communities.
The STA Program provides funding for transportation planning, public transportation, and community transit purposes as specified by the Legislature. Transit agencies can use STA funds for planning, capital, and operational costs, including public transportation services and community transit services. The STA Program does not follow a cycle. The funds are continuously apportioned by the State Controller’s Office based on regional population and transit operator farebox ratios in their region.
SB 1 provides additional $328 million annually to this program with funds from the Transportation Development Act. The $328 million is an annual average for 10 years.
The funds are distributed directly from the State Controller’s Office to each regional transportation planning entity’s STA fund. Funds under this program are apportioned by formula to each Regional Transportation Planning Agency, the five county transportation commissions, and to the San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board. These agencies then distribute the funds to the local transit operators in their region. There is a total of 49 regions and 207 operators. The State Controller’s Office distributes the funds on a quarterly basis.
SB 1 created the State Rail Assistance (SRA) Program by directing a portion of new revenue specifically to intercity rail and commuter rail.
- SB 1 directs a 0.5% portion of new diesel sales tax revenue for allocation: half to the five commuter rail providers and half to intercity rail corridors
- Half of revenue is allocated in equal shares to commuter operators through 2019-20, and via guidelines thereafter (about $10.5M to each total over 3 years)
- Half of revenue is allocated to intercity rail corridors such that each of the existing three corridors receives at least 25% of the intercity rail share (about $13.1M to each over 3 years)
- Funding is available for capital and operations
The majority of program funding is directed by statutory formula to rail operators, with guidelines defining process and timeline for agencies to obtain funding
The State of Good Repair Program was created to provide a consistent and dependable revenue source to transit operators to invest in the upgrade, repair, and improvement of their respective agency’s existing transportation infrastructure and services. Examples of projects include:
- Transit capital projects
- Services to maintain or repair existing transit fleets and facilities
- New vehicles or facilities that improve existing transit services
- Transit services that complement local efforts to repair and improve local transportation infrastructure
Caltrans manages and administers this program.
Projects in the SGR program are expected to achieve benefits in these categories:
- Improved safety
- Increased useful life
- Environmental resources conservation
- System preservation - increase reliability
- Economic impacts
SB 1 requires that funds are made available for planning grants to strengthen the economy, promote equity and protect the environment as follows:
- Sustainable communities’ grants are intended for regional multimodal transportation and land use planning projects which support regional sustainable community strategies and help achieve California’s greenhouse gas reduction targets.
- Adaptation planning grants are intended to help local and regional agencies conduct adaptation planning to ensure transportation assets are resilient in the face of climate change and extreme weather events.
Sustainable Communities Grants
Funding is available to encourage local and regional planning that further goals and best practices cited in the regional transportation guidelines adopted by the CTC. Caltrans developed a grant guide in consultation with the State Air Resources Board, the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research, and the Department of Housing and Community Development.
Adaptation Planning Grants
Funding is available for local adaptation planning grants to support actions at the local and regional levels that advance climate change efforts on the transportation network.
SB 1 provides funds for the University of California (UC) campuses and California State University (CSU) campuses currently performing transportation research. UCs receive $5 million annually and CSUs receive $2 million annually for transportation research.
University of California (UC)
The University of California Institute of Transportation Studies (UC ITS) is a network of faculty, research and administrative staff, and students dedicated to advancing the state of the art in transportation engineering, planning, and policy to provide California, the nation, and the world lasting societal benefits. Established in 1947 by the California Legislature, the UC ITS has branches at UC Berkeley, UC Irvine, UC Davis, and UCLA. Each branch operates as an independent and distinct research center in addition to collaborating on a California-focused, statewide research program funded by the Road Repair and Accountability Act of 2017 (SB 1) and the Public Transportation Account. Learn more about the UC ITS' research program.
California State University (CSU)
The California State University Transportation Consortium (CSUTC), led by the Mineta Transportation Institute at San José State University, works across the CSU system to engage in impactful transportation research and workforce development initiatives. The CSUTC conducts research that ensures the efficient movement of people and products, while preparing a new cohort of transportation professionals who are ready to lead a more diverse, inclusive, and equitable transportation industry.
SB 1 dedicated approximately $1.5 billion per year in new formula revenues apportioned by the State Controller (Controller) to cities and counties for basic road maintenance, rehabilitation, and critical safety projects on the local streets and roads system.
To be eligible to receive funding from the Controller, each year, cities and counties must submit a proposed project list adopted at a regular meeting by their board or council that is then submitted to the California Transportation Commission (Commission). Once reviewed and adopted by the Commission, the list of eligible cities and counties to receive funding is sent to the Controller to begin the apportionment process for that fiscal year.
During the first year in which the Local Streets and Roads Funding Program received new SB 1 revenue, 537 cities and counties received eligibility to receive their share of roughly $386 million to be distributed by formula and disbursed by the Controller on a monthly basis. Roughly 4,096 local streets and roads projects were proposed that ranged from road maintenance and repair, to pre-construction efforts, and additional public works operational needs.
SB 1 created new funding that is available to cities and counties for basic road maintenance, rehabilitation, and critical safety projects. As a result of this new revenue, communities can anticipate seeing more potholes filled, pavement repaired, lanes restriped, and crosswalks and sidewalks brought up to code.
State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) Regional Share: $82.5 Million
SB 1 funds will be used to restore the State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP). Projects funded by the STIP include future state highway, intercity rail and transit improvements throughout California, including new capacity projects.
Prior to SB 1, the California Transportation Commission (CTC) had to cut and delay $1.5 billion in projects from STIP. The funds are divided into two broad programs: the regional component, which goes to Metropolitan Planning Organizations and Regional Transportation Planning Agencies, comprising 75 percent of the funds and the interregional component, improving highways between cities, comprising the remaining 25 percent.